The illustration here is titled Indiens Bisayas [Native Visayans], 1846, from the Jean Mallat book Les Philippines: Histoire, Géographie, Mœurs, Agriculture, Industrie, et Commerce des Colonies Espagnoles dans l’Océanie. Mallat, Bayot and Lemercier are credited as authors of this drawing. A description of Mallat and Les Philippines is in our previous installment Part 10.12.
A native Visayan man and woman are pictured here. The man wears a striped work barong with the sleeves rolled up, a striped patadyong (a tube-like wrap-around skirt worn by men and women of the Visayas), and a red putong on his head. He carries a rooster in his right arm, likely for cockfighting, and a water jug in his left hand. The woman wears an indigo long sleeve baro with lace detailing on the cuffs, a black beaded necklace with cross pendant, a windowpane saya (skirt) and a plaid mantilla (veil) on her head. She carries a white handkerchief in her left hand and she reaches for the man’s arm with her right.
Despite being islands away in a different region of the Philippines, this couple dresses very similarly to Tagalog people. This is likely attributable to Spanish colonization and influence.